Methods of Analysis for Petrochemicals

Methods of Analysis for Petrochemicals PDF Author: Edwin Robert Littmann
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
CONTENTS - Distillation of Naphtha, Gasoline, Kerosene, Jet Fuel and Similar Products - Vacuum Distillation - Distillation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Determination of High-Boiling Fractions in Isopropyl Ether - Test for Light Ends in Isobutylene and Similar Products - Flash Point by the Tag Closed Tester (Abel Flash Point) - Flash and Fire Points by the Cleveland Open Cup (Marcusson Flash Point) - Flash Point by the Pensky-Martens Closed Tester - Determining the Nonvolatile Matter in CTLA Polymers - Rapid Method for Comparative Evaporation Rates of Solvents - Gravity of Petroleum Products by the Hydrometer - Specific Gravity by Means of the Pycnometer - Viscosity Determination by the Saybolt Viscometer - Determination of the Kinematic Viscosity of Petroleum Products by Glass Viscometers - Color of Petroleum Products by the Tag-Robinson Colorimeter (Color Stability of Lubricants) - Color of White Petroleum Products by the Saybolt Chromometer - Determining the Color of Solvents by the Platinum-Cobalt System - Gardner's Method of Determining the Color of Solvents - Determination of the Acid Wash Color of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Sulfur by Lamp (Closed System) - Doctor Test - Determination of Sulfur in Petroleum Products - Heavier than Illuminating Oils - Qualitative Detection of Sulfur Gases in Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Detection of Thiophene in Benzene - Ash and Water-Soluble Ash Content of Petroleum Oils - Cloud and Pour Points of Petroleum Products (Dilute Pour Point) - Detecting Oxidizable Matter in Solvents (Permanganate Test) - Permanaganate Time Test (Improved Visual Method) - Holde Hard Asphalt Test - Determination of the Gumming Properties of Gasoline by Means of a Copper Dish - Determination of Water in Petroleum Products by the Karl Fischer Reagent - Determination of Water in Hydrocarbon Gases by the Karl Fischer Reagent - Acidity of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Determination of the Unsaponifiable Matter in, and the Neutralization Number of, Naphthenic Acids - Aniline Point - Wijs' Iodine Number - Bromine Number (Lewis and Bradstreet Method) - Determination of the Bromine Index of Xylene - Determination of the Available Cyclopentadiene and Methylcyclopentadienes in Dimers - Determination of Cyclopentadiene in Isoprene - Determination of the Total Conjugated Diolefin Content of Isoprene - Complete Analysis of Distilled Isobutylene by Infrared Spectrometry - Solubility of Pentachlorophenol in Petroleum Oils - Determination of Lower Ketones - Determination of the Alcohol Content by Acetylation - Water Dilution of Alcohol - Determination of Alcohol Content by Specific Gravity - Test for Mixed Alcohols (Hydroxyl Number) - Acetone in Isopropyl Alcohol by Ultraviolet Spectrometry - Ester Content of Solvents - Tests for Specification Grades of Ethyl Ether - Determination of the Carbonyl Compounds in Petrochemical Products (Carbonyl Number) - Determination of Peroxides in Isopropyl Ether - Peroxide Number of Petroleum Products - Determination of the Residual Odor of Heavy Petroleum Solvents - Amino-Type Inhibitors in Gasoline - Determination of tert-Butylcatechol Inhibitor in Unsaturated Heavy Hydrocarbons - Flash Point by the Tag Open Cup-a-Naphthol in Ether - Sampling and Testing Lacquer Solvents and Diluents - Index -

Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants PDF Author: R. A. Nadkarni
Publisher: Astm International
ISBN: 9780803120877
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 389

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Book Description
Summarizes the essential elements of all analytical tests used to characterize petroleum products. The 350 plus entries are alphabetically arranged by chemical and physical properties, such as apparent viscosity, density, metal analysis, sulfur determination, vapor pressure, and water. Each entry co

Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring

Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring PDF Author: Melissa N. Dunkle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119523303
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
A thorough introduction to environmental monitoring in the oil and gas industry Analytical Techniques in the Oil and Gas Industry for Environmental Monitoring examines the analytical side of the oil and gas industry as it also provides an overall introduction to the industry. You’ll discover how oil and natural gas are sourced, refined, and processed. You can learn about what’s produced from oil and natural gas, and why evaluating these sourced resources is important. The book discusses the conventional analyses for oil and natural gas feeds, along with their limitations. It offers detailed descriptions of advanced analytical techniques that are commercially available, plus explanations of gas and oil industry equipment and instrumentation. You’ll find technique descriptions supplemented with a list of references as well as with real-life application examples. With this book as a reference, you can prepare to apply specific analytical methods in your organization’s lab environment. Analytical Techniques can also serve as your comprehensive resource on key techniques in the characterization of oil and gas samples, within both refinery and environmental contexts. Understand of the scope of oil and gas industry techniques available Consider the benefits and limitations of each available process Prepare for applying analytical techniques in your lab See real examples and a list of references for each technique Read descriptions of off-line analytics, as well as on-line and process applications As a chemist, engineer, instructor, or student, this book will also expand your awareness of the role these techniques have in environmental monitoring and environmental impact assessments.

Analytical Methods in Petroleum Upstream Applications

Analytical Methods in Petroleum Upstream Applications PDF Author: Cesar Ovalles
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482230887
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 337

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Book Description
Effective measurement of the composition and properties of petroleum is essential for its exploration, production, and refining; however, new technologies and methodologies are not adequately documented in much of the current literature. Analytical Methods in Petroleum Upstream Applications explores advances in the analytical methods and instrument

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry, Second Edition

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry, Second Edition PDF Author:
Publisher: ASM International
ISBN: 1627080945
Category : Petroleum chemicals industry
Languages : en
Pages : 426

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Book Description
Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Industrial Energy Management

Industrial Energy Management PDF Author: Victor Kaiser
Publisher: Editions TECHNIP
ISBN: 9782710806455
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 150

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Book Description
This monography presents the tools available for the follow-up and the analysis of the energy input to the refining and petrochemicals industries. The first part familiarizes the reader with energy accounting in a production plant. This analytic accounting presents separately the quantitative, qualitative and economic aspects of using energy. The second part treats of the thermodynamic analysis of energy input based on the exergy (available work) balances. Apart from leading to a judgement of how efficiently the energy is put to work in the applied technology, the reader also finds a guide to distillation column sequencing and heat exchange network synthesis. The thermoeconomics are also dealt with. This book is written for the practicing engineer in industry and for the postgraduate students.

Chemical Analysis

Chemical Analysis PDF Author: Ana C. F. Ribeiro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 177188259X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 302

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Book Description
This new volume presents leading-edge research in the rapidly changing and evolving field of chemical materials characterization and modification. The topics in the book reflect the diversity of research advances in physical chemistry and electrochemistry, focusing on the preparation, characterization, and applications of polymers and high-density materials. Also covered are various manufacturing techniques. Focusing on the most technologically important materials being utilized and developed by scientists and engineers, the book will help to fill the gap between theory and practice in industry. This comprehensive anthology covers many of the major themes of physical chemistry and electrochemistry, addressing many of the major issues, from concept to technology to implementation. It is an important reference publication that provides new research and updates on a variety of physical chemistry and electrochemistry uses through case studies and supporting technologies, and it also explains the conceptual thinking behind current uses and potential uses not yet implemented. International experts with countless years of experience lend this volume credibility.

Water Pollution Control Research Series 12020---02/70: Petrochemical Effluents Treatment Practices, Summary

Water Pollution Control Research Series 12020---02/70: Petrochemical Effluents Treatment Practices, Summary PDF Author: United States. Federal Water Quality Administration
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 116

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Book Description


Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis

Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis PDF Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118986342
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
Introduces the reader to the production of the products in arefinery • Introduces the reader to the types of test methodsapplied to petroleum products, including the need forspecifications • Provides detailed explanations for accuratelyanalyzing and characterizing modern petroleum products • Rewritten to include new and evolving testmethods • Updates on the evolving test methods and new testmethods as well as the various environmental regulations arepresented

Efficient Petrochemical Processes

Efficient Petrochemical Processes PDF Author: Frank (Xin X.) Zhu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119487889
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 853

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Book Description
A GUIDE TO THE DESIGN, OPERATION, CONTROL, TROUBLESHOOTING, OPTIMIZATION AS WELL AS THE RECENT ADVANCES IN THE FIELD OF PETROCHEMICAL PROCESSES Efficient Petrochemical Processes: Technology, Design and Operation is a guide to the tools and methods for energy optimization and process design. Written by a panel of experts on the topic, the book highlights the application of these methods on petrochemical technology such as the aromatics process unit. The authors describe practical approaches and tools that focus on improving industrial energy efficiency, reducing capital investment, and optimizing yields through better design, operation, and optimization. The text is divided into sections that cover the range of essential topics: petrochemical technology description; process design considerations; reaction and separation design; process integration; process system optimization; types of revamps; equipment assessment; common operating issues; and troubleshooting case analysis. This important book: Provides the basic knowledge related to fundamentals, design, and operation for petrochemical processes Applies process integration techniques and optimization techniques that improve process design and operations in the petrochemical process Provides practical methods and tools for industrial practitioners Puts the focus on improving industrial energy efficiency, reducing capital investment, and optimizing yields Contains information on the most recent advances in the field. Written for managers, engineers, and operators working in process industries as well as university students, Efficient Petrochemical Processes: Technology, Design and Operation explains the most recent advances in the field of petrochemical processes and discusses in detail catalytic and adsorbent materials, reaction and separation mechanisms.