Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism

Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism PDF Author: Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521177368
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 130

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Book Description
Luitzen Egburtus Jan Brouwer founded a school of thought whose aim was to include mathematics within the framework of intuitionistic philosophy; mathematics was to be regarded as an essentially free development of the human mind. What emerged diverged considerably at some points from tradition, but intuitionism has survived well the struggle between contending schools in the foundations of mathematics and exact philosophy. Originally published in 1981, this monograph contains a series of lectures dealing with most of the fundamental topics such as choice sequences, the continuum, the fan theorem, order and well-order. Brouwer's own powerful style is evident throughout the work.

Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism

Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism PDF Author: Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521177368
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 130

Get Book

Book Description
Luitzen Egburtus Jan Brouwer founded a school of thought whose aim was to include mathematics within the framework of intuitionistic philosophy; mathematics was to be regarded as an essentially free development of the human mind. What emerged diverged considerably at some points from tradition, but intuitionism has survived well the struggle between contending schools in the foundations of mathematics and exact philosophy. Originally published in 1981, this monograph contains a series of lectures dealing with most of the fundamental topics such as choice sequences, the continuum, the fan theorem, order and well-order. Brouwer's own powerful style is evident throughout the work.

Intuitionistic Proof Versus Classical Truth

Intuitionistic Proof Versus Classical Truth PDF Author: Enrico Martino
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319743570
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 170

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Book Description
This book examines the role of acts of choice in classical and intuitionistic mathematics. Featuring fifteen papers – both new and previously published – it offers a fresh analysis of concepts developed by the mathematician and philosopher L.E.J. Brouwer, the founder of intuitionism. The author explores Brouwer’s idealization of the creative subject as the basis for intuitionistic truth, and in the process he also discusses an important, related question: to what extent does the intuitionistic perspective succeed in avoiding the classical realistic notion of truth? The papers detail realistic aspects in the idealization of the creative subject and investigate the hidden role of choice even in classical logic and mathematics, covering such topics as bar theorem, type theory, inductive evidence, Beth models, fallible models, and more. In addition, the author offers a critical analysis of the response of key mathematicians and philosophers to Brouwer’s work. These figures include Michael Dummett, Saul Kripke, Per Martin-Löf, and Arend Heyting. This book appeals to researchers and graduate students with an interest in philosophy of mathematics, linguistics, and mathematics.

L.E.J. Brouwer – Topologist, Intuitionist, Philosopher

L.E.J. Brouwer – Topologist, Intuitionist, Philosopher PDF Author: Dirk van Dalen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447146166
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 877

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Book Description
Dirk van Dalen’s biography studies the fascinating life of the famous Dutch mathematician and philosopher Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer. Brouwer belonged to a special class of genius; complex and often controversial and gifted with a deep intuition, he had an unparalleled access to the secrets and intricacies of mathematics. Most mathematicians remember L.E.J. Brouwer from his scientific breakthroughs in the young subject of topology and for the famous Brouwer fixed point theorem. Brouwer’s main interest, however, was in the foundation of mathematics which led him to introduce, and then consolidate, constructive methods under the name ‘intuitionism’. This made him one of the main protagonists in the ‘foundation crisis’ of mathematics. As a confirmed internationalist, he also got entangled in the interbellum struggle for the ending of the boycott of German and Austrian scientists. This time during the twentieth century was turbulent; nationalist resentment and friction between formalism and intuitionism led to the Mathematische Annalen conflict ('The war of the frogs and the mice'). It was here that Brouwer played a pivotal role. The present biography is an updated revision of the earlier two volume biography in one single book. It appeals to mathematicians and anybody interested in the history of mathematics in the first half of the twentieth century.

Mathematical Intuitionism and Intersubjectivity

Mathematical Intuitionism and Intersubjectivity PDF Author: Tomasz Placek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401593159
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 229

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Book Description
In 1907 Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer defended his doctoral dissertation on the foundations of mathematics and with this event the modem version of mathematical intuitionism came into being. Brouwer attacked the main currents of the philosophy of mathematics: the formalists and the Platonists. In tum, both these schools began viewing intuitionism as the most harmful party among all known philosophies of mathematics. That was the origin of the now-90-year-old debate over intuitionism. As both sides have appealed in their arguments to philosophical propositions, the discussions have attracted the attention of philosophers as well. One might ask here what role a philosopher can play in controversies over mathematical intuitionism. Can he reasonably enter into disputes among mathematicians? I believe that these disputes call for intervention by a philo sopher. The three best-known arguments for intuitionism, those of Brouwer, Heyting and Dummett, are based on ontological and epistemological claims, or appeal to theses that properly belong to a theory of meaning. Those lines of argument should be investigated in order to find what their assumptions are, whether intuitionistic consequences really follow from those assumptions, and finally, whether the premises are sound and not absurd. The intention of this book is thus to consider seriously the arguments of mathematicians, even if philosophy was not their main field of interest. There is little sense in disputing whether what mathematicians said about the objectivity and reality of mathematical facts belongs to philosophy, or not.

The Philosophy of Mathematics Today

The Philosophy of Mathematics Today PDF Author: Matthias Schirn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198236542
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 668

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Book Description
Representing the state of the art in the field of the philosophy of mathematics, this collection of 20 essays deals with fundamental issues, ranging from the nature of mathematical knowledge to sets and natural 'number'.

Brouwer meets Husserl

Brouwer meets Husserl PDF Author: Mark van Atten
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402050879
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 213

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Book Description
Can a line be analysed mathematically such a way that it does not fall apart into a set of discrete points? Are there objects of pure mathematics that can change through time? L. E. J. Brouwer argued that the two questions are related and that the answer to both is "yes", introducing the concept of choice sequences. This book subjects Brouwer's choice sequences to a phenomenological critique in the style of Husserl.

Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets PDF Author: Krassimir T. Atanassov
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030320901
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
The book offers a comprehensive survey of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets. It reports on cutting-edge research carried out by the founder of the intuitionistic fuzzy sets, Prof. Krassimir Atanassov, giving a special emphasis to the practical applications of this extension. A few interesting case studies, such as in the area of data mining, decision making and pattern recognition, among others, are discussed in detail. The book offers the first comprehensive guide on interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets. By providing the readers with a thorough survey and important practical details, it is expected to support them in carrying out applied research and to encourage them to test the theory behind the sets for new advanced applications. The book is a valuable reference resource for graduate students and researchers alike.

Proof and Knowledge in Mathematics

Proof and Knowledge in Mathematics PDF Author: Michael Detlefsen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134916760
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 170

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Book Description
These questions arise from any attempt to discover an epistemology for mathematics. This collection of essays considers various questions concerning the nature of justification in mathematics and possible sources of that justification. Among these are the question of whether mathematical justification is a priori or a posteriori in character, whether logical and mathematical differ, and if formalization plays a significant role in mathematical justification,

The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy

The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy PDF Author: Burt Hopkins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317401271
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 346

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Book Description
The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy provides an annual international forum for phenomenological research in the spirit of Husserl's groundbreaking work and the extension of this work by such figures as Scheler, Heidegger, Sartre, Levinas, Merleau-Ponty and Gadamer.

The Mathematics of Logic

The Mathematics of Logic PDF Author: Richard W. Kaye
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467212
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 12

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Book Description
This undergraduate textbook covers the key material for a typical first course in logic, in particular presenting a full mathematical account of the most important result in logic, the Completeness Theorem for first-order logic. Looking at a series of interesting systems, increasing in complexity, then proving and discussing the Completeness Theorem for each, the author ensures that the number of new concepts to be absorbed at each stage is manageable, whilst providing lively mathematical applications throughout. Unfamiliar terminology is kept to a minimum, no background in formal set-theory is required, and the book contains proofs of all the required set theoretical results. The reader is taken on a journey starting with König's Lemma, and progressing via order relations, Zorn's Lemma, Boolean algebras, and propositional logic, to completeness and compactness of first-order logic. As applications of the work on first-order logic, two final chapters provide introductions to model theory and nonstandard analysis.