The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension

The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension PDF Author: Manuel Carreiras
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135423946
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
Addresses issues relating to the use of advanced research techniques - specifically Eyetracking and ERP - to study the moment-by-moment mental processes that occur while a reader or listener is understanding language.

The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension

The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension PDF Author: Manuel Carreiras
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135423946
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
Addresses issues relating to the use of advanced research techniques - specifically Eyetracking and ERP - to study the moment-by-moment mental processes that occur while a reader or listener is understanding language.

The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension

The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension PDF Author: Manuel Carreiras
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780203622254
Category : Comprehension
Languages : en
Pages : 399

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Book Description
This book addresses important findings, assumptions, problems, hopes, and future guidelines on the use of advanced research techniques to study the moment-by-moment mental processes that occur while a reader or listener is understanding language. The core techniques are eye tracking and ERPs, with some extensions to others such as fMRI. The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension has been written by top researchers in the field of psycholinguistics, who are also leading experts in the use of eye tracking and ERPs. This book combines comprehensive overviews of the state of th.

Sentence Comprehension

Sentence Comprehension PDF Author: David J. Townsend
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262700801
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Book Description
Using sentence comprehension as a case study for all of cognitive science, David Townsend and Thomas Bever offer an integration of two major approaches, the symbolic-computational and the associative-connectionist. The symbolic-computational approach emphasizes the formal manipulation of symbols that underlies creative aspects of language behavior. The associative-connectionist approach captures the intuition that most behaviors consist of accumulated habits. The authors argue that the sentence is the natural level at which associative and symbolic information merge during comprehension. The authors develop and support an analysis-by-synthesis model that integrates associative and symbolic information in sentence comprehension. This integration resolves problems each approach faces when considered independently. The authors review classic and contemporary symbolic and associative theories of sentence comprehension, and show how recent developments in syntactic theory fit well with the integrated analysis-by-synthesis model. They offer analytic, experimental, and neurological evidence for their model and discuss its implications for broader issues in cognitive science, including the logical necessity of an integration of symbolic and connectionist approaches in the field.

Perspectives on Sentence Processing

Perspectives on Sentence Processing PDF Author: Charles Clifton, Jr.
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317780590
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 498

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Book Description
One of the liveliest forums for sharing psychological, linguistic, philosophical, and computer science perspectives on psycholinguistics has been the annual meeting of the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. Documenting the state of the art in several important approaches to sentence processing, this volume consists of selected papers that had been presented at the Sixth CUNY Conference. The editors not only present the main themes that ran through the conference but also honor the breadth of the presentations from disciplines including linguistics, experimental psychology, and computer science. The variety of sentence processing topics examined includes: * how evoked brain potentials reflect sentence comprehension * how auditory words are processed * how various sources of grammatical and nongrammatical information are coordinated and used * how sentence processing and language acquisition might be related. This distinctive volume not only presents the most exciting current work in sentence processing, but also places this research into the broader context of theorizing about it.

The Handbook of Psycholinguistics

The Handbook of Psycholinguistics PDF Author: Eva M. Fernández
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119096529
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 784

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Book Description
Incorporating approaches from linguistics and psychology, The Handbook of Psycholinguistics explores language processing and language acquisition from an array of perspectives and features cutting edge research from cognitive science, neuroscience, and other related fields. The Handbook provides readers with a comprehensive review of the current state of the field, with an emphasis on research trends most likely to determine the shape of psycholinguistics in the years ahead. The chapters are organized into three parts, corresponding to the major areas of psycholinguists: production, comprehension, and acquisition. The collection of chapters, written by a team of international scholars, incorporates multilingual populations and neurolinguistic dimensions. Each of the three sections also features an overview chapter in which readers are introduced to the different theoretical perspectives guiding research in the area covered in that section. Timely, comprehensive, and authoritative, The Handbook of Psycholinguistics is a valuable addition to the reference shelves of researchers in psychology, linguistics, and cognitive science, as well as advanced undergraduates and graduate students interested in how language works in the human mind and how language is acquired.

Sentence Comprehension as a Cognitive Process

Sentence Comprehension as a Cognitive Process PDF Author: Shravan Vasishth
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107589773
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
Sentence comprehension - the way we process and understand spoken and written language - is a central and important area of research within psycholinguistics. This book explores the contribution of computational linguistics to the field, showing how computational models of sentence processing can help scientists in their investigation of human cognitive processes. It presents the leading computational model of retrieval processes in sentence processing, the Lewis and Vasishth cue-based retrieval mode, and develops a principled methodology for parameter estimation and model comparison/evaluation using benchmark data, to enable researchers to test their own models of retrieval against the present model. It also provides readers with an overview of the last 20 years of research on the topic of retrieval processes in sentence comprehension, along with source code that allows researchers to extend the model and carry out new research. Comprehensive in its scope, this book is essential reading for researchers in cognitive science.

Sentence Comprehension Test Experimental Edition,.

Sentence Comprehension Test Experimental Edition,. PDF Author: National Foundation for Educational Research
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


Sentence Processing: A Crosslinguistic Perspective

Sentence Processing: A Crosslinguistic Perspective PDF Author: Dieter Hillert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 0585492239
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 458

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Book Description
The innovative element of this volume is its overview of the fundamental psycholinguistic topics involved in sentence processing. While most psycholinguistic studies focus on a single language and induce a general model of universal sentence processing, this volume proposes a cross-linguistic approach. It contains two distinct features first embraced in the 18th century by brothers Freiherr Wilhelm von Humboldt and Alexander von Humboldt. First, it offers a linguistic theory that characterizes universal cognitive features of the human language processor (or the mind and its biological source), independent of a single language structure. Second, it contains a language theory which considers the diversity of linguistic structures and provides a powerful theory of language processing. Contributors cover a wide range of topics, including word recognition, fixed expressions, grammatical constraints, empty categories, and parsing. Their research involves analyses of 12 languages. This book provides an overview of central psycholinguistic topics in sentence processing; and combines deductive and inductive methods in fashioning an innovative approach. The contributors address word recognition, fixed expressions, grammatical constraints, empty categories, and parsing. Its original papers form a coherent presentation.

Sentence Processing

Sentence Processing PDF Author: Roger P. G. van Gompel
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 113504726X
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Book Description
What are the psychological processes involved in comprehending sentences? How do we process the structure of sentences and how do we understand their meaning? Do children, bilinguals and people with language impairments process sentences in the same way as healthy monolingual adults? These are just some of the many questions that sentence processing researchers have tried to answer by conducting ever more sophisticated experiments, making this one of the most productive and exciting areas in experimental language research in recent years. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of this important field. It contains 10 chapters written by world-leading experts, which discuss influential theories of sentence processing and important experimental evidence, with a focus on recent developments in the area. The chapters also analyse research that has investigated how people process the structure and meaning of sentences, and how sentences are understood within their context. This comprehensive and authoritative work will appeal to students and researchers in the field of sentence processing, as well anyone with an interest in psychology and linguistics.

Reanalysis in Sentence Processing

Reanalysis in Sentence Processing PDF Author: J. Fodor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792350996
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Book Description
The topic addressed in this volume lies within the study of sentence processing, which is one of the major divisions of psycholinguistics. The goal has been to understand the structure and functioning of the mental mechanisms involved in sentence comprehension. Most of the experimental and theoretical work during the last twenty or thirty years has focused on 'first-pass parsing', the process of assigning structure to a sentence as its words are encountered, one at a time, 'from left to right' . One important guiding idea has been to delineate the processing mechanisms by studying where they fai!. For this purpose we identify types of sentences which perceivers have trouble assigning structure to. An important class of perceptually difficult senten ces are those which contain temporary ambiguities. Since the parsing mechanism cannot tell what the intended structure is, it may make an incorrect guess. Then later on in the sentence, the structure assignment process breaks down, because the later words do not fit with the incorrect structural analysis. This is called a 'garden path' situation. When it occurs, the parsing mechanism must somehow correct itself, and find a different analysis which is compatible with the incoming words. This reanalysis process is the subject of the research reported here.