Tracing the Boundaries Between Hindi and Urdu

Tracing the Boundaries Between Hindi and Urdu PDF Author: Christine Everaert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004177310
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 319

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Book Description
This book sheds light on the complex relationship between Hindi and Urdu. Through a detailed reading of a representative set of 20th century short stories in both languages, the author leads the reader towards a clear definition of the differences between Hindi and Urdu. The full translations of the stories have been extensively annotated to point out the details in which the Hindi and Urdu versions differ. An overview of early and contemporary Hindi/Urdu and Hindustani grammars and language teaching textbooks demonstrates the problems of correctly naming and identifying the two languages. This book now offers a detailed and systematic database of syntactic, morphological and semantic differences between the selected Hindi and Urdu stories. A useful tool for all scholars of modern Hindi/Urdu fiction, (socio-)linguistics, history or social sciences.

Tracing the Boundaries Between Hindi and Urdu

Tracing the Boundaries Between Hindi and Urdu PDF Author: Christine Everaert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004177310
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 319

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Book Description
This book sheds light on the complex relationship between Hindi and Urdu. Through a detailed reading of a representative set of 20th century short stories in both languages, the author leads the reader towards a clear definition of the differences between Hindi and Urdu. The full translations of the stories have been extensively annotated to point out the details in which the Hindi and Urdu versions differ. An overview of early and contemporary Hindi/Urdu and Hindustani grammars and language teaching textbooks demonstrates the problems of correctly naming and identifying the two languages. This book now offers a detailed and systematic database of syntactic, morphological and semantic differences between the selected Hindi and Urdu stories. A useful tool for all scholars of modern Hindi/Urdu fiction, (socio-)linguistics, history or social sciences.

Hindi and Urdu Since 1800

Hindi and Urdu Since 1800 PDF Author: C. Shackle
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Hindi language
Languages : en
Pages : 254

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Book Description


Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide

Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide PDF Author: Abdul Jamil Khan
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 0875864384
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
In a blow against the British Empire, Khan suggests that London artificially divided India's Hindu and Muslim populations by splitting their one language in two, then burying the evidence in obscure scholarly works outside the public view. All language is political -- and so is the boundary between one language and another. The author analyzes the origins of Urdu, one of the earliest known languages, and propounds the iconoclastic views that Hindi came from pre-Aryan Dravidian and Austric-Munda, not from Aryan's Sanskrit (which, like the Indo-European languages, Greek and Latin, etc., are rooted in the Middle East/Mesopotamia, not in Europe). Hindi's script came from the Aramaic system, similar to Greek, and in the 1800s, the British initiated the divisive game of splitting one language in two, Hindi (for the Hindus) and Urdu (for the Muslims). These facts, he says, have been buried and nearly lost in turgid academic works. Khan bolsters his hypothesis with copious technical linguistic examples. This may spark a revolution in linguistic history! Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide integrates the out of Africa linguistic evolution theory with the fossil linguistics of Middle East, and discards the theory that Sanskrit descended from a hypothetical proto-IndoEuropean language and by degeneration created dialects, Urdu/Hindi and others. It shows that several tribes from the Middle East created the hybrid by cumulative evolution. The oldest groups, Austric and Dravidian, starting 8000 B.C. provided the grammar/syntax plus about 60% of vocabulary, S.K.T. added 10% after 1500 B.C. and Arabic/Persian 20-30% after A.D. 800. The book reveals Mesopotamia as the linguistic melting pot of Sumerian, Babylonian, Elamite, Hittite-Hurrian-Mitanni, etc., with a common script and vocabularies shared mutually and passed on to I.E., S.K.T., D.R., Arabic and then to Hindi/Urdu; in fact the author locates oldest evidence of S.K.T. in Syria. The book also exposes the myths of a revealed S.K.T. or Hebrew and the fiction of linguistic races, i.e. Aryan, Semitic, etc. The book supports the one world concept and reveals the potential of Urdu/Hindi to unite all genetic elements, races and regions of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent. This is important reading not only for those interested to understand the divisive exploitation of languages in British-led India's partition, but for those interested in: - The science and history of origin of Urdu/Hindi (and other languages) - The false claims of linguistic races and creation - History of Languages and Scripts - Language, Mythology and Racism - Ancient History and Fossil Languages - British Rule and India's Partition.

Glossary of Hindi/Urdu and English linguistic terminology: Hindi

Glossary of Hindi/Urdu and English linguistic terminology: Hindi PDF Author: Umberto Nardella
Publisher: Star Publications
ISBN: 9788176503297
Category : English language
Languages : en
Pages : 758

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Book Description


Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide

Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide PDF Author: Abdul Jamil Khan
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 0875864376
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
The lingua franca of the Indo-Pakistani people is one language, claims Khan, called Hindi when written in Nagari and Urdu when written in Arabic. He says it is not descended from Sanskrit, as conventionally believed, but is 10-12,000 years old and was influenced early by the Austric-Munda and Dravidian language families. Leaving aside any religious

Get by in Hindi & Urdu

Get by in Hindi & Urdu PDF Author: Alison Shaw
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Hindi language
Languages : en
Pages : 106

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Book Description
A quick beginners' course for work and travel.

Hindi Nationalism (tracks for the Times)

Hindi Nationalism (tracks for the Times) PDF Author: Alok Rai
Publisher: Orient Blackswan
ISBN: 9788125019794
Category : Hindi language
Languages : en
Pages : 156

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Book Description
This tract looks at the politics of language in India through a study of the history of one language Hindi. It traces the tragic metamorphosis of this language over the last century, from a creative, dynamic, popular language to a dead, Sanskritised, dePersianised language manufactured by a self-serving upper caste North Indian elite, nurturing hegemonic ambitions. From being a symbol of collective imagination it became a signifier of narrow sectarianism and regional chauvinism. The tract shows how this trans- formation of the language was tied up with the politics of communalism and regionalism.

Language Conflict and National Development

Language Conflict and National Development PDF Author: Jyotirindra Das Gupta
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520015906
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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Book Description


Hindi & Urdu

Hindi & Urdu PDF Author:
Publisher: Rough Guides
ISBN: 9781858289229
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 244

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Book Description
The Rough Guide Phrasebooks feature contemporary language selections, quick keyword references, and unique, splashy cover designs. They also Include boxed sections on cultural know-how, dos and don'ts and the mechanics of making phone calls, using cash machines, and more.

Before the Divide

Before the Divide PDF Author: Francesca Orsini
Publisher:
ISBN: 9788125038290
Category : Hindi literature
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
Based on a workshop on Intermediary Genres in Hindi and Urdu , Before the Divide: Hindi and Urdu Literary Culture is an attempt to rethink aspects of the literary histories of these two languages. Today, Hindi and Urdu are considered two separate languages, each with is own script, history, literary canon and cultural orientation. Yet, precolonial India was a deeply multilingual society with multiple traditions of knowledge and of literary production. Historically the divisions between Hindi and Urdu were not as sharp as we imagine them today. The essays in this volume reassess the definition and identity of language in the light of this. Various literary traditions have been examined keeping the historical, political and cultural developments in mind. The authors look at familiar and not so familiar Hindi and Urdu literary works and narratives and address logics of exclusion and that have gone into the creation of two separate languages (Hindi and Urdu) and the making of the literary canons of each. Issues of script, religious identity, gender are also considered. This volume is different in that it provides a new body of evidence and new categories that are needed to envisage the literary landscape pf north India before the construction of separate Hindu-Hindu and Muslim-Urdu literary traditions. This collection of essays looking into the rearticulation of language and its identity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries will be useful for students of modern Indian history, language studies and cultural studies.