The Origins of Maya States

The Origins of Maya States PDF Author: Loa P. Traxler
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 1934536865
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 704

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Book Description
"Rather than unified into a single state, the Pre-Columbian Maya were organized into a series of independent kingdoms or polities. The vast majority of studies of Maya states focus on the apogee of their development in the Classic period, ca. 250-850 CE. In fact, Maya states are defined by the specific political structures that characterized Classic period lowland Maya society. The Origins of Maya States is the first study in over 30 years to specifically examine the origins and development of these states during the preceding Preclassic period, ca. 1000 BCE to 250 CE. Coverage includes material signatures for the development of Maya states, evaluations of extant models for the emergence of Maya states, and advancement of new models based on recent archaeological data. Attempts to understand the origins of Maya states cannot escape the limitations of archaeological data, and this is complicated by both the variability of Maya states in time and space, and the interplay between internal development and external impacts. To mitigate these factors, The Origins of Maya States combines an examination of topical issues with regional perspectives from both the Maya area and neighboring Mesoamerican regions to highlight the role of interregional interaction in the evolution of Maya states. At the core of the study the development of complexity during the Preclassic era is discussed within the Maya regions of the Pacific coast, highlands, and lowlands. This is followed by studies of Preclassic economic, social, political, and ideological systems to provide a developmental context for the origins of Maya states"--Provided by publisher.

The Origins of Maya States

The Origins of Maya States PDF Author: Loa P. Traxler
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 1934536865
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 704

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Book Description
"Rather than unified into a single state, the Pre-Columbian Maya were organized into a series of independent kingdoms or polities. The vast majority of studies of Maya states focus on the apogee of their development in the Classic period, ca. 250-850 CE. In fact, Maya states are defined by the specific political structures that characterized Classic period lowland Maya society. The Origins of Maya States is the first study in over 30 years to specifically examine the origins and development of these states during the preceding Preclassic period, ca. 1000 BCE to 250 CE. Coverage includes material signatures for the development of Maya states, evaluations of extant models for the emergence of Maya states, and advancement of new models based on recent archaeological data. Attempts to understand the origins of Maya states cannot escape the limitations of archaeological data, and this is complicated by both the variability of Maya states in time and space, and the interplay between internal development and external impacts. To mitigate these factors, The Origins of Maya States combines an examination of topical issues with regional perspectives from both the Maya area and neighboring Mesoamerican regions to highlight the role of interregional interaction in the evolution of Maya states. At the core of the study the development of complexity during the Preclassic era is discussed within the Maya regions of the Pacific coast, highlands, and lowlands. This is followed by studies of Preclassic economic, social, political, and ideological systems to provide a developmental context for the origins of Maya states"--Provided by publisher.

The First Maya Civilization

The First Maya Civilization PDF Author: Francisco Estrada-Belli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136882499
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Book Description
When the Maya kings of Tikal dedicated their first carved monuments in the third century A.D., inaugurating the Classic period of Maya history that lasted for six centuries and saw the rise of such famous cities as Palenque, Copan and Yaxchilan, Maya civilization was already nearly a millennium old. Its first cities, such as Nakbe and El Mirador, had some of the largest temples ever raised in Prehispanic America, while others such as Cival showed even earlier evidence of complex rituals. The reality of this Preclassic Maya civilization has been documented by scholars over the past three decades: what had been seen as an age of simple village farming, belatedly responding to the stimulus of more advanced peoples in highland Mesoamerica, is now know to have been the period when the Maya made themselves into one of the New World's most innovative societies. This book discusses the most recent advances in our knowledge of the Preclassic Maya and the emergence of their rainforest civilization, with new data on settlement, political organization, architecture, iconography and epigraphy supporting a contemporary theoretical perspective that challenges prior assumptions.

The Origins of Maya Civilization

The Origins of Maya Civilization PDF Author: Richard E. W. Adams
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 496

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The Popol Vuh

The Popol Vuh PDF Author: Lewis Spence
Publisher: New York : AMS Press
ISBN:
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 80

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The Maya Civilization

The Maya Civilization PDF Author: Enthralling History
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781956296068
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
Are the Mayans still around? What is the importance of Chichen Itza's discovery? How did this mighty civilization fall? If you want answers to these intriguing questions, then keep reading... The Mayans created an amazing society, full of surprises that keep us guessing how these people came to be and why - exactly - their civilization fell. Theories abound, archeologic discoveries both perplex and inspire us, but one thing remains: their story reads much more like our recent past than you'd ever imagined! This book takes readers on a journey that few have taken, deep into the Mayans' lineage, customs, politics, and daily life. Join us as we delve deep into the Maya story, uncovering stories, facts, and theories about this important - yet perplexing - society: The bitter irony of Catholicism's spread in Maya culture Who was the "mother civilization" of Mesoamerica? Did they really practice human sacrifice? A different kind of calendar... What inspired the rise of city-states in this ancient culture? Did the Maya develop the wheel? How - and what did they use - to make paint Were the Maya peaceful? Inventions galore - but what did they invent that we still use today? Why - and how - did the Spanish decide to conquer the Maya? Did a megadrought kill off the Mayans? Heavens, Earth, and Underground: Not just for Hobbits How did the large cities influence Mayan society - and who ruled them? You'll learn some fun facts - but will also be challenged with archaeologically-puzzling discoveries and learn of one man who escaped death-by-politics. (Exile wasn't good enough for some Mayan leaders; they meant to exterminate those who opposed them!) Grab your copy of this book, and dive into the many astonishing elements of this ancient civilization!

Ancient Maya

Ancient Maya PDF Author: Arthur Demarest
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521533904
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 396

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Book Description
Ancient Maya comes to life in this new holistic and theoretical study.

Maya Civilization

Maya Civilization PDF Author: Hourly History
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781656510044
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 50

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Book Description
Discover the remarkable history of the Maya Civilization...For more than one thousand years, the Maya people dominated areas of Central America and modern-day Mexico and made important advances in architecture, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Then, after the Spanish occupation in the sixteenth century, Maya culture and thinking were deliberately suppressed. Only in the twentieth century did scientists appreciate just how advanced these people had been and how important they were in the history of Mesoamerica. The excavation and investigation of several large Maya cities in the second half of the twentieth century completely changed how we view these people. We now know that the Maya were capable of building vary large stone structures that were precisely aligned with astronomical features, though we do not know how this was done. We are still learning about Maya cities-as recently as 2018, the use of new technology uncovered more than 60,000 previously undiscovered Maya ruins in the jungles of Guatemala. Many scholars now believe that the Maya were one of the most important of all the ancient Mesoamerican cultures. There are still many mysteries about the Maya. At one point in their history, several major Maya cities were abandoned and left to the encroaching jungle while their people relocated to more inhospitable areas in the Yucat√°n. There are many theories, but no one is entirely certain why this happened. We also don't know why the Maya made important advances in the fields of mathematics and medicine and yet failed to develop, for example, the wheel or metalworking.What we do know is that these people created a sophisticated culture which they recorded via one of the first complex writing systems. Unlike other contemporary Mesoamerican peoples, the Maya survived the Spanish occupation, and Maya language, religion, and culture continue to survive today in parts of Central America and Mexico. This is the story of the mysterious and frequently misunderstood Maya civilization. Discover a plethora of topics such as Origins Maya Religion and Medicine The Classic Period Weapons and Warfare The Spanish Conquest Maya Writing And much more! So if you want a concise and informative book on the Maya Civilization, simply scroll up and click the "Buy now" button for instant access!

The Origins of Maya Civilization

The Origins of Maya Civilization PDF Author: School of American Research (Santa Fe, N.M.)
Publisher: Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press
ISBN:
Category : Central America
Languages : en
Pages : 490

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The Origins of Maya civilization

The Origins of Maya civilization PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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The Maya: A Very Short Introduction

The Maya: A Very Short Introduction PDF Author: Matthew Restall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190645032
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 160

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Book Description
The Maya forged one of the greatest societies in the history of the ancient Americas and in all of human history. Long before contact with Europeans, Maya communities built spectacular cities with large, well-fed large populations. They mastered the visual arts, and developed a sophisticated writing system that recorded extraordinary knowledge in calendrics, mathematics, and astronomy. The Maya achieved all this without area-wide centralized control. There was never a single, unified Maya state or empire, but always numerous, evolving ethnic groups speaking dozens of distinct Mayan languages. The people we call "Maya" never thought of themselves as such; yet something definable, unique, and endlessly fascinating - what we call Maya culture - has clearly existed for millennia. So what was their self-identity and how did Maya civilization come to be "invented?" With the Maya historically subdivided and misunderstood in so many ways, the pursuit of what made them "the Maya" is all the more important. In this Very Short Introduction, Restall and Solari explore the themes of Maya identity, city-state political culture, art and architecture, the Maya concept of the cosmos, and the Maya experience of contact with including invasion by outsiders. Despite its brevity, this book is unique for its treatment of all periods of Maya civilization, from its origins to the present.