Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification

Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification PDF Author: Nikolaus P. Himmelmann
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191514020
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 474

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Book Description
Depictive secondary predicates, such as 'raw' in 'George ate the fish raw', are central to current issues in syntactic and semantic theory - in particular predication theory, phrase structure theories, issues of control and grammatical relations, and verbal aspect. This is the first book to approach depictive secondary predication from a cross-linguistic perspective. It describes all the relevant phenomena and brings together critical surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties. It considers similarities and differences between secondary predicates and other types of adjuncts, including adverbials of manner, comparison, quantity, and location. The authors are leading scholars with a first-hand knowledge of the languages they discuss. Their approach is theory-neutral and pragmatic: they draw on insights and research traditions ranging from the minimalist program to semantic maps methodology. The book will interest scholars working on the semantics or syntax of secondary predicates, adverbials, and the role of agreement and other morphological marking. It has been designed for use in advanced syntax and typology classes.

Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification

Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification PDF Author: Nikolaus P. Himmelmann
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191514020
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 474

Get Book

Book Description
Depictive secondary predicates, such as 'raw' in 'George ate the fish raw', are central to current issues in syntactic and semantic theory - in particular predication theory, phrase structure theories, issues of control and grammatical relations, and verbal aspect. This is the first book to approach depictive secondary predication from a cross-linguistic perspective. It describes all the relevant phenomena and brings together critical surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties. It considers similarities and differences between secondary predicates and other types of adjuncts, including adverbials of manner, comparison, quantity, and location. The authors are leading scholars with a first-hand knowledge of the languages they discuss. Their approach is theory-neutral and pragmatic: they draw on insights and research traditions ranging from the minimalist program to semantic maps methodology. The book will interest scholars working on the semantics or syntax of secondary predicates, adverbials, and the role of agreement and other morphological marking. It has been designed for use in advanced syntax and typology classes.

Semantics - Lexical Structures and Adjectives

Semantics - Lexical Structures and Adjectives PDF Author: Claudia Maienborn
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311062639X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 577

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Book Description
Discover vital research on the lexical and cognitive meanings of words. In this exciting book from a team of world-class researchers, in-depth articles explain a wide range of topics, including thematic roles, sense relation, ambiguity and comparison. The authors focus on the cognitive and conceptual structure of words and their meaning extensions such as coercion, metaphors and metonymies. The book features highly cited material – available in paperback for the first time since its publication – and is an essential starting point for anyone interested in lexical semantics, especially where it meets other cognitive and conceptual research.

Grammaticalization and Language Change in Chinese

Grammaticalization and Language Change in Chinese PDF Author: Xiu-Zhi Zoe Wu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134307276
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 335

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Book Description
Grammaticalization and Language Change in Chinese illuminates how studies of language development and change provide special insights into the understanding of current, synchronic systems of language.

Advances in Research on Semantic Roles

Advances in Research on Semantic Roles PDF Author: Seppo Kittilä
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266794
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 219

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Book Description
Especially in functional-typological linguistics, semantic roles have been studied thoroughly, because they constitute a good starting point for any study on argument marking due to their semantically defined nature. However, the very concept of semantic roles is far from being without problems, and there is still no consensus on how the roles are best defined. In this volume, the notion will be discussed from novel perspectives with the aim of providing new insights into our understanding of semantic roles. Two of the papers deal with semantic role clusters, one with semantic roles in verbless constructions, one with diachrony of semantic roles and two with individual semantic roles that have not been studied in too much detail in previous studies. The book may not offer answers to all questions the readers may have, but at least it raises interesting further questions relevant to arriving at a better understanding of semantic roles. Originally published in Studies in Language Vol. 38:3 (2014).

Semantics. Volume 2

Semantics. Volume 2 PDF Author: Klaus von Heusinger
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110255073
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1079

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Book Description
No detailed description available for "SEMANTICS (VON HEUSINGER ET AL.) BD. 33.2 HSK E-BOOK".

Adverbs

Adverbs PDF Author: Karin Pittner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027268126
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 275

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Book Description
Adverbs as a word class are notoriously difficult to define. The volume deals with the delimitation of this category, its internal structure, the morphological make-up of adverbs and their positions in syntactic structures. A closer look at diachronic developments sheds light on the characteristics of adverbial word-formation. Taking into account adverbs in German, English, Dutch, French and Italian, the contributions to this volume provide new insights into the characteristics of this heterogeneous and multi-faceted category and will be of interest to linguists working in the fields of morphology, syntax and language change.

The Oxford Guide to Australian Languages

The Oxford Guide to Australian Languages PDF Author: Claire Bowern
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192558498
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1179

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Book Description
The Oxford Guide to Australian Languages is a wide-ranging reference work that explores the more than 550 traditional and new Indigenous languages of Australia. Australian languages have long played an important role in diachronic and synchronic linguistics and are a vital testing ground for linguistic theory. Until now, however, there has been no comprehensive and accessible guide to the their vast linguistic diversity. This volume fills that gap, bringing together leading scholars and junior researchers to provide an up-to-date guide to all aspects of the languages of Australia. The chapters in the book explore typology, documentation, and classification; linguistic structures from phonology to pragmatics and discourse; sociolinguistics and language variation; and language in the community. The final part offers grammatical sketches of a selection of languages, sub-groups, and families. At a time when the number of living Australian languages is significantly reduced even compared to twenty year ago, this volume establishes priorities for future linguistic research and contributes to the language expansion and revitalization efforts that are underway.

Multi-verb Constructions

Multi-verb Constructions PDF Author: Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004194525
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 334

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Book Description
This book surveys multi-verb constructions in multiple languages from the Americas, showing a very rich tapestry of typologically unusual constructions, including serial verbs, auxiliaries, co-verbs, phasal verbs. Where possible, a diachronic perspectrive is offered.

Predicates and Their Subjects

Predicates and Their Subjects PDF Author: Susan Rothstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401006903
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
Predicates and their Subjects is an in-depth study of the syntax-semantics interface focusing on the structure of the subject-predicate relation. Starting from where the author's 1983 dissertation left off, the book argues that there is syntactic constraint that clauses (small and tensed) are constructed out of a one-place unsaturated expression, the predicate, which must be applied to a syntactic argument, its subject. The author shows that this predication relation cannot be reduced to a thematic relation or a projection of argument structure, but must be a purely syntactic constraint. Chapters in the book show how the syntactic predication relation is semantically interpreted, and how the predication relation explains constraints on DP-raising and on the distribution of pleonastics in English. The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and concludes with a study of the meaning of the verb `be'.

Grammar – Discourse – Context

Grammar – Discourse – Context PDF Author: Kristin Bech
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110682567
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 383

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Book Description
This collected volume brings together a wide array of international linguists working on diachronic language change with a specific focus on the history of English, who work within usage-based frameworks and investigate processes of grammatical change in context. Although usage-based linguistics emphasizes the centrality of the discourse context for language usage and cognition, this insight has not been fully integrated into the investigation of processes of grammatical variation and change. The structuralist heritage as well as corpus linguistic methodologies have favoured de-contextualized analytical perspectives on contemporary and historical language data and on the mechanisms and processes guiding grammatical variation and change. From a range of different perspectives, the contributions to this volume take up the challenge of contextualization in the investigation of grammatical variation and change in different stages of English language history and discuss central theoretical notions such as gradable grammaticality, motivation in hypervariation, and hypercharacterization. The book will be relevant to students and linguists working in the field of diachronic and variational linguistics and English language history.